It is believed that surf emerged in the Polynesian Islands about 1,500 years ago as a balance game over a tree trunk. It soon reached Hawaii, from where it migrated to other seas, taken by European colonisers. It got to Brazil by the middle of the 1930’s on the Santos beaches, coast of the State of São Paulo; and is today, an attraction that draws adepts from around the world in search of the perfect wave.
Many Brazilian beaches are among the finest in the world for surfing. One of the main highlights is Fernando de Noronha, archipelago with perfect tubular waves. They emerge on the beaches of Mar de Dentro as of November, extending on to the middle of April. Peaks such as Cacimba do Padre, Boldró and Abrás are among the most famous in the region.
Other beaches that are quite explored by surfers are those of Florianópolis, capital of the State of Santa Catarina, in the South. In the Southeast, the most popular are Ubatuba, on the coast of São Paulo – location of the 1st Brazilian Professional Master Championship in 2005; and of the State of Rio de Janeiro, in cities such as Saquarema, Búzios and Rio de Janeiro. In the Northeast, besides Fernando de Noronha, we also have beaches worthy of recognition such as Itacaré, in the south of Bahia.
Surf has about five million adepts around the planet. With several surfers in the international limelight, Brazil is part of world sport circuits in different categories. It has hosted several stages during the global championships.
River surfing
During the natural phenomena referred to as Pororoca, in the Amazonian region – when sea waters meet those of the rivers – many surfers face the large wave that springs up in the early hours of the day.
Currently, the longest wave ride on the Pororoca is of the Brazilian surfer, Picuruta Salazar. He rode the wave for 35 minutes, covering a distance of 12.2 km on the source of River Araguar, in Amapá.