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CLIMATE / TIMING:


TIME ZONE: Brazil spans four time zones:

greem

-5h GMT (-2h in relation to standard Brazil time) Acre.

orange

-4h GMT (-1h in relation to standard Brazil time) Amazonas, Rondônia, Roraima, Pará, Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul.

blue

-3h GMT (Standard Brazil time: Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Paraná, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, Goiás, Brasília (DF), Tocantins, Piauí, Maranhão, Bahia, Sergipe, Alagoas, Pernambuco, Paraíba, Rio Grande do Norte, Ceará and Amapá.

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-2h GMT (+1h in relation to standard Brazil time) Fernando de Noronha territory.

In winter Sunrise is at 0700 and sunset at 1730 or 1800. In summer sunrise is at  0600 and sunset at 2000. This is due to the summer savings time (not including Amazonia state).

Attention: During October to February daylight savings time (Summer time) is in effect. Clocks are set forward one hour. The starting and ending dates vary each year and are announced with very short prior warning.

The climate varies according to the altitude and the latitude of each location. Since Brazil is of continental proportions, there are substantial variations and contrasts between its different regions;

- Restricted to the Amazon forest area, the Equatorial climate presents average temperatures of around 28º and rainfall is above 2,500mm/year.
- Tropical climate: This is the predominant climate of the country - more than 90% of its territory is located between the line of the equator and the Tropic of Capricorn. The average annual temperature is high, around 25º, and the seasons are well defined into dry winters and rainy summers. The central highlands of the Central-West Region, and the Northeast and Southeast Regions present a tropical climate with high temperatures. The predominant climate of the coastline, from Rio Grande do Norte to Rio Grande do Sul, is Atlantic tropical with high average annual temperatures ranging from 18º to 26º, cooled somewhat by the presence of coastal winds.
-  Subtropical climate: The average annual temperature of the South region is less than 20º. It is characterized by well delineated seasons, marked by significant temperatures differences between summer and winter and with rain evenly distributed throughout the entire year. Since it is outside of the tropical belt, below the Tropic of Capricorn, temperatures are rigorous in the winter, sometimes below zero, with frost and even snow.

In Rio, the sun is out almost everyday. The city climate is basically divided into summer and winter. The summer is the best season for the cariocas and the tourists that visit the city. The beaches are full of beautiful people during the day, and even when the evening comes the entertainment goes on. The season is also characterized by sudden downpours. They usually occur at dusk. They are fast and come to cool off those hot days. The heat is Rio's summer trademark. The maximum temperature in this period goes up to 40º C.

Brazil is located in the Southern Hemisphere. Thus, its seasons are opposite to those of the Northern Hemisphere:

  • Spring: from September 22, to December 21;
  • Summer: from December 22 to March 21;
  • Fall: from March 22 to June 21;
  • Winter: from June 22 to September 21
Brazil is divided into five geographical regions: North, Northeast, Southeast, South and Center-West. The Brazilian population, which is 81.25% urban, is distributed as shown in the following chart (Source: Census of 2000, IBGE):
Distribution % of the Brazilian population per region of the country

North%
7,2

Northeast%
28,5

Southeast%
42,7

South%
15,0

Center-West%
6,7