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• Chapada Diamantina

Lençóis (pronounced Len-soiz), lies 250 miles west of Salvador in the Chapada Diamantina. (diamond plateau), mountain range running north-south through the state of Bahia. The average altitude is over 3000 feet. Lençois grew up around the huge diamond boon in the region in the mid 1800's. At one stage it had a population of 30,000 but as a result of the discovery of diamonds in South Africa, the town began to go into decline. The town has been designated a national monument for it's important examples of residential architecture from the 19th century. The Chapada Diamantina Region has been the subject of two extensive studies by the Royal Botanical Gardens in England for it's unusual and very varied flora. The table topped mountains provides stunning views of the region. There are innumerable rivers and waterfalls, amongst them the famous smoke waterfall, the tallest in Brazil, with a fall of 1350 feet, and so called because of the fact that the water from the falls evaporates before reaching the ground. The drive from Salvador takes about 6 hours and is in itself a lesson in geography, geology and botany. We leave the dense, low tropical vegetation of the coast and frive inland through the fertile pasture lands of the recôncavo to the sertão with it's scrub land and finally up into the Chapada with it's stunning variety of wild orchids and bromelias.

The local average annual temperature is 23ºC (73ºF). The best time to visit is from March to October, when there is little rain and the chances of enjoying the tour are greater.

How to get there
By Highway: over BR-242, which can be reached by BR-116.
By Air: Lençóis receives direct flights, and most trails are accessed from there.
How to get there
By Highway: over BR-242, which can be reached by BR-116.
By Air: there is a weekly fligth from Salvador to Lencois.

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